DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale – 21)

Emotions is an underrated component of our personality that is often disregarded compared to its superior counterpart; thoughts. Thus it can be overwhelming especially when we are overcome by emotions in waves and can’t seem to make sense of it objectively through our thinking faculties. Taking the first step in understanding emotions can be daunting and we at re:mind are here to help you navigate it!

The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) is a widely used psychological assessment tool that measures the severity of symptoms related to depression, anxiety, and stress. The DASS-21 is a quick and easy way to assess an individual’s emotional well-being, and can be used by mental health professionals, researchers, and individuals themselves to gain insight into their mental health status.

The test consists of 21 questions. Please read each statement and choose a number 0, 1, 2 or 3 that indicates how much the statement applied to you over the past week. There are no right or wrong answers. Do not spend too much time on any statement.

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Name *
Age *
Ethnicity *
Gender *
Are you completing this assessment as part of your company program?
Marital Status *
Job Levels *
Email *

Note: Please be rest assured that your personal details are protected under the PDPA 2010.

1. I found it hard to wind down *
2. I was aware of dryness of my mouth *
3. I couldn’t seem to experience any positive feeling at all *
4. I experienced breathing difficulty (eg excessively rapid breathing, breathlessness in the absence of physical exertion) *
5. I found it difficult to work up the initiative to do things *
6. I tended to over-react to situations *
7. I experienced trembling (eg in the hands) *
8. I felt that I was using a lot of nervous energy *
9. I was worried about situations in which I might panic and make a fool of myself *
10. I felt that I had nothing to look forward to *
11. I found myself getting agitated *
12. I found it difficult to relax *
13. I felt down-hearted and blue *
14. I was intolerant of anything that kept me from getting on with what I was doing *
15. I felt I was close to panic *
16. I was unable to become enthusiastic about anything *
17. I felt I wasn’t worth much as a person *
18. I felt that I was rather touchy *
19. I was aware of the action of my heart in the absence of physical exertion (eg sense of heart rate increase, heart missing a beat) *
20. I felt scared without any good reason *
21. I felt that life was meaningless *

Note: re:mind Psychology Center claims no ownership of this screening tool. The authors of this tool are credited as below: 

Lovibond, S.H.; Lovibond, P.F. (1995). Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (2nd ed.). Sydney: Psychology Foundation (Available from The Psychology Foundation, Room 1005 Mathews Building, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia 

The rating scale is as follows:

0 – Did not apply to me at all – NEVER

1 – Applied to me to some degree, or some of the time – SOMETIMES

2 – Applied to me to a considerable degree, or a good part of time – OFTEN

3 – Applied to me very much, or most of the time – ALMOST ALWAYS

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